Commentary Excerpt by Tom Boomershine
The story of the woman who was bent over is both a story of confrontation about Sabbath laws and a story of liberation. The context of this story in Luke is Jesus' journey up to Jerusalem. He stops in a synagogue on his way through Samaria. The focus of virtually that entire journey is Jesus' various teachings along the way.
There are two parts to the story. The first two episodes where the woman is healed constitute part one. The first episode is about the woman and her condition. The second is about Jesus' response to her. He called her over and told her she was set free, and laid his hands on her. The result was that she immediately stood up straight and began praising God.
All this happens in the synagogue where Jesus was teaching on the Sabbath which leads to the second part of the story: controversy with others in the synagogue who were indignant about the healing. The indignation of the leader of the synagogue is the subject of the third episode. The fourth episode is Jesus' response to him which is addressed not just to him but also to all those in the synagogue.
The final episode is the response of the crowd. His opponents were put to shame and the entire crowd was rejoicing at all the wonderful things he was doing.
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